Class 5 EVS Chapter 15 Our India-Physical Diversity in English Medium (2023)

 KSEEB Solutions for Class 5 EVS Chapter 15 Our India-Physical Diversity in English Medium (2023).

India is our country. It has a variety of physical features such as Himalayan mountain ranges, very high peaks, plateaus, vast plains, river systems, deserts, coastal plains,  and islands. Together they make India our country, which is unique in its natural setting. Besides, India is home to a variety of plants and animals. Here we provide KSEEB Solutions for Class 5 EVS Chapter 15 Our India-Physical Diversity in English Medium (2023)with sample answers to important questions of this chapter. We feel it can be helpful in your exam preparation.👇👇👇

KSEEB Solutions for Class 5 EVS Chapter 15 Our India-Physical Diversity in English Medium (2023)

Answer the following questions. 

1) Find out the names of animals which live in the foothills of the Himalayas and make a list of these animals.

 Answer- snow bears, Himalayan vultures, monkeys, snow dogs.

2) An unusually wide and long valley in the lower Himalayas is called Doon. For example, Dehradun in India. It is a popular tourist place. During summer people visit this place. Why do they visit it? 

 Answer- The climate here is cool and pleasant in summer, so people go for a trip here in summer to get some relief from the high summer heat.

3) If there are mountains/mountain ranges/ghats near or surrounding your place, write their names. 

 Answer- Mullaiyana Giri, Kallathi Giri, Kemmannu Gundi, Pushpagiri Hill.

Observe these pictures. Where do you find them in India? Mention the places. (Take the help of the teacher)

KSEEB Solutions for Class 5 EVS Chapter 15 Our India-Physical Diversity in English Medium (2023)

 Answer- 1. Ashoka Pillar- Located in some parts of Bihar, Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, and Haryana.

2. Red Fort- A historic fort in the Indian city of Delhi, it was the main residence of the Mughals.

3. Taj Mahal - Located on the right bank of the Yamuna River in the vast Mughal Gardens, Agra.

4. Nalanda- Ancient University It is located southeast of Patna near the town of Bihar Sharif and was a center of learning in the fifth century. It is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. It is located in the northeastern part of India.

Answer the following questions: 

 1. The Northern plains are fertile. Give reasons.

 Answer-Sutlej, Ganga, Brahmaputra, and their tributaries flow here and the rivers deposit alluvial soil making this part highly fertile.

2. The people prefer to live in the plains of a river. Why?

Answer-Where there are river plains, the availability of water facilitates the development of agricultural activities, transport facilities, animal husbandry, trade, and industries. So people mostly settle in this part.

3. Make a list of the important rivers and crops of our state.KSEEB Solutions for Class 5 EVS Chapter 15 Our India-Physical Diversity in English Medium (2023)

Now the Ganga River water cleaning programme is in progress. Is it not correct to do this? What are the benefits of cleaning river water? Write here.
 Answer-Today rivers are polluted due to many human activities, purifying the water of such rivers provides clean water for drinking, helps aquatic life to live in clean water, and the environment is better.

Answer the following questions. 

1. Mention the names of the two important plateaus in India.

Answer -The Narmada-Sone rift valley divides this land mass into two parts. The northern part is known as the Malwa Plateau and the southern part as the Deccan Plateau.

2. Mention the important historical places located in the peninsular plateau.

Answer - Badami, Mysore, Pattadakallu, Kittur, Madras, Belur, Halebid, Vijayanagar, Hampi.

Answer the following questions 

Which sea borders the coast of Karnataka?

AnswerThe coast of Karnataka is adjacent to the Arabian Sea.

Which districts of Karnataka have coastal plain?

Answer- Udupi, Uttara Kannada, and South Kannada districts of Karnataka belong to the coastal part.

Make a list of major crops grown in the western coastal plain of India.

Answer- Major Crops of West Coast of India –

Cashew Nut, rice, cardamom, coconut, rubber.

There is a demand for coastal food items of Karnataka. These are exported to other countries. What are they?

Answer: cashew nut, rice, cardamom, coconut, rubber.

The gently sloping strip of land bordering the sea, usually composed of sand and gravel is called a beach. You can watch the sea as far as you can. The striking sea waves bring great delight to your mind and eyes. The Ullal, Malpe, Kapu, Om and Maravanthe beaches of Karnataka are attractive and beautiful. Which are the other famous beaches of India? Know and write here.

Answer- Candolim Beach in North Goa. Chandipur Beach in Balasore, Odisha. Cavelosim Beach in South Goa.Blue Flag Golden Beach in Puri, Odisha. Mandrem Beach in North Goa. Butterfly Beach in South Goa. Om Beach in Gokarna, Karnataka. Kovalam Beach in Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala.

Observe the dress style and food habits of the fishermen living in coastal plains. Write 4 sentences about this.

Answer- The costume of coastal fishermen is very simple. They wear comfortable clothes for fishing in the sea and their diet is more about sea products like fish, shrimp, some vegetables like sambar saute, and other greens.

The sea coasts are highways for trade and commerce. Some ports provide shelter for ships. On the outline map of India mark and name the major ports along the eastern and western coasts.

Answer- On the west coast are the ports of Mumbai, Kandla, Mangalore, JNPT, Mormugao and Cochin. Ports on the east coast are Chennai, Tuticorin, Visakhapatnam, Paradeep, Kolkata and Ennore.

Collect pictures of a ship. Paste it in the given space. Write 3 sentences about its use.


Class 5 EVS Chapter 15 Our India-Physical Diversity in English Medium (2023)
A ship is a large boat that can carry passengers or cargo for long distances over water. People have been using ships for transportation, exploration, and war since ancient times.

Locate the following on the outline map of India - Mumbai, Nava Mangaluru, Chennai, Vishakhapatnam, and Marmagoa.


Class 5 EVS Chapter 15 Our India-Physical Diversity in English Medium (2023)

Answer the following questions 

1. What is an Oasis?

Answer- A fertile area in a desert is formed where the water comes up, to the ground surface. This is known as Oasis.

2. Write any 3 features of the deserts.


  • A desert is a vast, dry and sandy area with very little vegetation. 
  • The temperature is high and climate is dry.
  • Those plants and trees which have special devices to withstand the long drought conditions are grown here. They are scrubs, cactus, accacia, thorny bushes etc.,

3. Paste a picture of a camel in the given space and write 4 sentences about it


Class 5 EVS Chapter 15 Our India-Physical Diversity in English Medium (2023)

Camels are able to survive in the desert, because they have broad flat toes which are comfortable to walk on the sand. Their humps store fat and sufficient amount of water which lasts for many weeks. Camels are useful for transporting goods and carrying passengers in the deserts. That is why camel is called as Ship of the desert.

Which parts of India were affected for the last two years by cyclones. Collect information on them and write here.

The coast of Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu caused severe rainfall in states of Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, and Odisha during the period 7th-12th May 2022

Select a suitable picture, which shows destruction after heavy rain or continuous downpour. Paste it in the blank space.

Class 5 EVS Chapter 15 Our India-Physical Diversity in English Medium (2023)

A challenge to you The earth is heating. The groundwater is dried up and there is melting snow in the Himalayan mountains. What are the reasons for this? Think about it and discuss it with your friends. Write here

Answer- Man is cutting down trees for his own selfishness and building buildings, roads and dams in the name of development. Hazardous gases from many factories, polluted water, are entering the rivers. These problems are caused by the pollution of our environment by the toxic gases emitted by various vehicles.

How do we benefit from the broadcast of weather reports on radio, TV, and newspapers? Make a list of the benefits


  1. From radio, TV, and newspaper weather reports
  2. Get advance information about rain.
  3. Fishermen can take precautions before going into the sea and fishing.
  4. People can be moved to safer places when information about heavy rain is received.

Learn and write: 1) Mention the names of any 3 protected forest areas in India.

Answer- Nagarhole, Bhadra, and Bandipur National Park

2) Discuss with your friends about the endangered animals in India. Mention any 3 names of such animals

Answer- langur monkeys, leopards, tigers.

3) What are the problems arising from deforestation. Discuss with your friends and write here.


  • There is a lack of rain. This causes a shortage of drinking water and water for agriculture.
  • Due to the lack of habitat for various wild animals, conflict between man and animals occurs.
  • Air pollution increases the temperature of the Earth, causing many respiratory-related diseases.

4) What animals are living around your environment? Observe and make a list of them.

Answer- cow, goat, sheep, dog, birds, insects. 

Fill in the blanks with suitable answers.

_________ peak is the highest in the world.

Answer-Mount Everest

_________ is the highest peak in India.

Answer-Mount Godwin Austin or A2

___________ is the highest peak in Karnataka.


________ is the highest peak in South India.


The inner walls of Kollur, Dharmasthala, and Subramanya temples in Karnataka were built by _______.


Houses in the valleys of Kashmir are built of ________ blocks.


Buildings in Raichur and some parts of Andhra Pradesh are made of _________ stone.


Recently, the use of __________ stone in the construction of buildings in Bagalkot and its surrounding area is seen more and more.

Answer-red granite

Many temples in Karnataka's Belur, Halebidu and Tamilnadu are spacious and are built of stone________.

Answer-crayon stone)

There are sandstone cave temples at __________ in Karnataka.

Answer - Almonds

5th EVS Chapter 14 Our India- Physical Diversity FAQS-
What is a natural feature?

We see a variety of high mountains, deep valleys, flat plains, plateaus, etc. can see The features of the earth's surface seen in this way are called natural features

What are the salient features of the Himalayan Mountains?

Salient features of the Himalayan mountains Covered with snow. Hence these are called Himalaya mountains. have very high peaks. There are deep valleys and ravines. There are glaciers and high mountain ranges. There are hot springs here. It has various flora and fauna species.

What are the advantages of Himalayan mountain ranges?

advantages They block the cold winds from the coldest region, Central Asia. They are the sources of rivers in North India. They block the monsoon winds and cause heavy rainfall. Like a huge wall, it is the natural boundary of the north, controlling the invasion of foreigners

Which rivers originate in the Himalayan mountain ranges?

Rivers Indus, Ganga, Yamuna, Brahmaputra originate and flow in this mountain range.

How does a river become polluted?

Waste materials are being dumped in rivers. Idols/Idols coated with various chemical colors are being immersed in water. Chemical wastes released from industries get into rivers. Thousands of tons of various forms of waste generated in the cities have combined to poison the river water. Mining also pollutes rivers. For example, Kali river, Bhadra river etc.

What are the Key Features of the Plateau and its advantages?

Salient features of the plateau Prastha land consists of terrain that is flat on top and has steep sides than surrounding areas. This land is quite wide and flat. The Deccan Plateau is the largest in India. It is formed from ancient hard rocks. Key advantages Alternative plateau has rich mineral wealth. The rivers flowing here help to grow crops. There are waterfalls here which are useful for generating hydroelectricity. Favorable for agriculture, animal husbandry and industry. .

What are beaches? What are the famous beaches of Karnataka?

There are flat wide beaches with no steep edges that run parallel to the land. These are called beaches. Ullala, Malpe, Kapu, Om and Maravante beaches in Karnataka are beautiful to see.

Write the salient features of rivers in South India.

Rivers of South India: Rivers of South India can be divided into east-flowing and west-flowing rivers. A major flowing eastward Mahanadi, Godavari, Krishna, Palar, Pennar, Kaveri rivers. These flow southeast and eastward to join the Bay of Bengal. The major rivers flowing to the west are- Narmada, Tapi, Sharavati, Kali, Netravati, Juari and Periyar rivers join the Arabian Sea. These are small and fast-flowing and create waterfalls that help generate hydroelectricity.

What are winds?

Winds are the movement of air that blows from areas of high pressure to areas of low pressure at certain times. Winds that change direction from one season to another are called seasonal winds. For example, monsoon winds.

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